Original Bill of lading (B/L) is a transport document, which is used in port-to-port sea shipments, issued and signed by liner carrier or its agent, generally on a pre-printed carrier's bill of lading format, evidences the terms and conditions of the carriage of goods between port of loading and port of discharge.
The Bill of Lading (B/L) confirms that the goods sent by the exporter to an importer have been shipped with the designated shipper. It’s the most common type of Bill of Lading. These are documents usually have three originals and three copies. They all have Seals (company seal and signature). This bill of lading is only issued once from the shipping company. In the case that your copy gets lost, you need to send a statement about how you lost it to a daily newspaper publisher, this should take around 3 days and then Fill-in the guarantee form signed by the shipper and the freight forwarder. After all these steps are successful, the shipping company then provides a new physical bill of lading to you.
Original bill of lading is the safest way for a shipper. Without this documents, a consignee cannot pick up the containers in the Port of destination. So, the shipper can handle the merchandise until all payment are received, then they provide original bill of lading issued by the international courier express (DHL/ FEDEX/UPS) to consignee to claim goods.